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DIN ISO 16000-4

Indoor air - Part 4: Determination of formaldehyde - Diffusive sampling method (ISO 16000-4:2011)

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German title

Innenraumluftverunreinigungen - Teil 4: Bestimmung von Formaldehyd - Probenahme mit Passivsammlern (ISO 16000-4:2011)

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Engl. VDI/DIN-Kommission Reinhaltung der Luft (KRdL) - Normenausschuss
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This part of ISO 16000 specifies a determination of formaldehyde in indoor air using a diffusive sampler with solvent desorption and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The test method is applicable to the measurement of formaldehyde in indoor air over the range from 0,001 mg/m<(hoch)3> to 1,0 mg/m<(hoch)3> for a sampling period of between 24 h and 72 h. For sampling periods of 24 h, the applicable concentration range is 0,003 mg/m<(hoch)3> to 1 mg/m<(hoch)3>, and for 72 h it is 0,001 mg/m<(hoch)3> to 0,33 mg/m<(hoch)3>. Confirmed samplers with respect to measurement sensitivity and precision can apply to short-term sampling (less than 24 h). The method is suitable for measurements in atmospheres with conventional indoor air relative humidity and for monitoring at air velocities as low as 0,02 m/s. The chromatographic step in the method is designed to eliminate potential interferences, including those due to the presence of other carbonyl compounds. The diffusive sampler is exposed to air for a defined time period. The formaldehyde vapour migrates into the sampler by diffusion and is collected on a strip of cellulose paper loaded with silica gel, which has been coated with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH) and phosphoric acid. A stable hydrazone is formed which can be desorbed by acetonitrile and the solution analysed by means of a high performance liquid chromatograph (HPLC) equipped with an ultraviolet (UV) detector. The diffusive sampler may also be used for personal sampling, for which purpose it is attached to the clothing of the person being monitored Formaldehyde has been used in the production of urea-formaldehyde resins, adhesives and insulating foams. Emissions from particle (chip) board and wall insulation are the major sources of formaldehyde in indoor air.

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